Saturday, September 30, 2006

As a Jonah Hex fan, this ticks me off

This scene makes my fanboy-sense tingle and I have to call BS on this panel from Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #3 (Nov 2006).

According to Palmiotti, who by now should have some passing familiarity with the character, Jonah Hex participated in the terrible Long Walk of Native Americans?

I don't think so.

And maybe my retcon-avoiding memory is faulty, but didn't Jonah receive his facial scars after his time in the military?

After nearly a year of work on the Hex title portraying Jonah as the Vengeful Hand of God you'd think Palmiotti and Gray wouldn't be showing Jonah oppressing native peoples and condoning through inaction, if not deed, their massacre.

I guess he or Gray maybe couldn't resist a little cross-promotion to boost the sales of the other book they are swiftly marching towards cancellation.

Update: Dwayne the Perma-Link Hater at Matching Dragoons says that according to Gray, it was an art error. Jonah was actually leading the Navajo to freedom intead of to a death camp. Okay. Either way, a nonsense cameo for no reason story wise.


I'm the godamm butler!

I suspect that eventually it will be revealed that the person who is ultimately behind all the problems and shenanigans in the DCU will be Batman's faithful manservant, Alfred Pennyworth.

There has to be some person or group responsible for the attacks on the super heroes and villains. Every time a question is answered or a problem solved there is another one behind it. One of these days I suspect Batman will figure it out as all the clues finally click and point to one man. If it wasn't for his emotional ties to Alfred he probably would have figured it out long before.

Alfred knows every body's secret, was once a spy and was possessed by The Outsider. How else does everybody get access to Batman's secret files again and again? I see Alfred as a master manipulator, working behind the scenes with good intentions that can have disastrous results. He may think he's doing good but is in fact performing acts of evil. Alfred didn't plan on becoming an evil mastermind, he probably thought that by guiding a traumatized Bruce Wayne he could do some good with the Wayne fortune. It was just happenstance that Bruce became a super hero with ties to a group that could reshape the world. What started as a noble endeavor to guide the super-community along the "right" paths was corrupted and changed to a force beyond control.

In recap:

It was fun while it lasted


From Detective Comics #359 (Jan 1967)


Friday, September 29, 2006

Strangeus Interruptus

There are two times I've felt completely ripped-off by a comic book. And by ripped-off I mean the publisher deliberately treated an audience with contempt. One was in the New Universe line when the year long story line in Justice, expanded upon with much coolness by Kieth Giffen was revealed to be a dream. The other is Doctor Strange #41. Perhaps not too strangely, both books were by Marvel.

There are lots of comic book events with sucky endings. In the old days before every story became THE BIG COMIC BOOK EVENT that we couldn't miss there was usually a long build-up, foreshadowing, hints and clues and then the great big fight, which often appeared in that book's annual or a special, double-sized issue.

While not a huge comic event the story in Doctor Strange, Master of the Mystic Arts #41 (June 1980) was one of the those issues where you ask yourself what the hell happened at the end of the story.

Written by Chris Claremont (first clue) with art by Gene Colan, issue #41 was the finale to an multi-issue epic featuring an insane Baron Mordo, who was trying to destroy all of creation. It was a story that had a cross-over into Man-Thing's own title and had sub-plots reaching back nearly a year.

Mordo had kidnapped friends of Dr. Strange and was feeding them to a demon that would open the Gates of Uncreation. This grisly scene of a girlfriend of Doc's getting her flesh stripped off is courtesy of Gene Colan.

Strange is then motivated by the death of his lover to do something (he sorta stood around while all the other people were eaten by the demon), screams NO! and he beats up on Mordo. Enraged, the Doc is about to kill Mordo in revenge when Claremont resorts to Comic Book Cliche #1, that of Situational Moral Superiority.
"If I killed you, I'd be no better than you." Spoken at least once by Superman, Spider-Man, Hulk, Lois Lane and just about every other comic book character you can think of.

Then just as the the universe is about to be unmade, Dr. Strange is simultaneously weaving spells to save creation while anchoring the Man-Thing with the mind of Ted Sallis to reality and Baron Mordo is creeping up behind the Doc to dash him in the head with a rock...this happens:

The climax of the story is a text panel? A FREAKING TEXT PANEL? Talk about a let down!

What went on here? Was production rushed? Did everyone just give up? Is it Claremont or the Editor? If no one cared enough about the story to give it the ending it deserved then they should have been creative enough to handle it like Warren Ellis did when he took over Strange for a time. In discarding the Vishanti War storyline that had been promised for several years Ellis simply wrote the Doc cleaning himself up in the bathroom after returning from another dimension, musing to himself "Well, that didn't take as long as I thought it would." Awesome.

Claremont then makes sure that after we fans are treated as if we were something unpleasant found on a shoe that we get a happy, sugar-coated ending and a return to the status quo.

Everybody is a-okay! Talk about a lucky break! Except for Ted Sallis, who gets magically lobotomized by Strange because a man trapped in a monster's body is a concept not worth exploring in the Marvel Universe. You know, another writer would have had all those people remain dead or, reveal later in another multi-issue epic that they were really animated corpses and slaves of the Chaos Demon putting its Plan B into motion for a return to Earth.

There was a joke back when Chris was writing for Marvel on all cylinders that everything he wrote sold well except for Spider-Woman. I think it was around 1980 and this issue of Doc Strange that I started looking at his work with a more critical eye and not just a fanboy consumer, even though i still enjoyed most of what he wrote. I still consumed comics by the longbox, buying titles because they were fun. It wasn't until the 90's that I really felt like I was throwing money in the street buying comics and except for the occasional favorite character pretty much stopped all purchases.

So this is what I think was the real climax to the story in Doctor Strange #41.


Friday Catblogging

I would prefer that my comic books be free of any cat anus from now on or at least, give us readers a warning label or something.

At least the last two issues were better than all the previous Loeb ones (even with all the cat anus).

Supergirl #10 (Nov 2006)

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

I don't get it

Recreating the film Star Wars in animated Lego makes no sense. Lucas did a pretty good job on the story already so beyond a two-minute novelty cartoon what is the point? A few more licensing dollars? It seems like a waste of time. Just looking at the box art nearly makes me comatose so I can't imagine a child watching an hour of it. I can just imagine the animators sitting in their cubicles dealing with the thought of another day animating goddamn Lego's by punching the walls of their cubicles until their hands bleed.

Lego? May as well recreate a famous scene from The Empire Strikes Back using spare change on a kitchen counter.

"Luke, I am your father."


Legal tender is better than Lego.


Sunday, September 24, 2006

T2: Special Sleestak Edition

As annoyed as I am by the hyper-sexualization of female comic book characters, I am also irritated by the myth that the world would be a better place if run by women. This is a fairly recent and erroneous idea in culture because if anyone bothered to study history then they would realize that matriarchal societies are no different in practice than patriarchal. Cleopatra, anyone? Writer Brian K. Vaughn explores that very conceit in his DC Vertigo comic book series Y - The Last Man, the story of the last man on earth in a world of females. Here's a heads-up for anyone who wants to read the series...a female-led world isn't the fanboy's paradise you might think it is.

In commercials for household products men are often portrayed as bumbling clowns who don't know what toilet paper is. This is because those ads are aimed primarily at a woman who is presumed to be a homemaker. There is a reason why catch phrases such as Choosy Mothers Choose Jif or Mother Tested, Kid Approved are mom-centric. Traditionally, the media sees the woman in a household as the wise, responsible decision-maker (at least when it comes to food and cleaning supplies) even though there certainly are men who do all the shopping. Oddly, in a sort of reverse sexism, advertising routinely portrays men that are smart enough to have a career that earns enough cash for a house, a couple of SUV's and lots of nice things, who nonetheless are helpless at home and require a woman to show them how to make their whites bright and clean.

Like in advertising, there is also some sort of a perverse arrogance seen in drama and action films. Often the female character is shown to be a logical mediator and spiritual force of good, someone that has a special connection with the universe because they can bear children and because of it have a unique insight (This not the positive message some may think it is because it portrays women in a way that grants them value only if treated as breeding creches).

When chaos and conflict erupt it is often given to the woman to scold the warring males, shaming them with harsh yet kind words of tough-love as if she were, somehow, transformed in that moment from flawed human being to faultless Saint! I call this the Sarah Connor Syndrome.

A good example of the woman-as-creative-force conceit was in an awkward scene from Terminator 2: Judgement Day. After failing to ambush and murder a scientist in front of his family, paranoid urban-guerrilla Sarah Connor (and the audience) misses the irony and denounces the world of men by shoving her uterus in the faces of everyone present. She decries what men accomplish, sermonizing that all of man's work is nothing in comparison to giving birth.

As much as I enjoyed T2 for it's kickassery and awesome special effects that scene rang hollow and bothered me when I first saw it years ago in the theatre. It still annoys me enough that even now when watching T2 on DVD I use the fast forward button to skip through the offending scene.

So today when I watched T2 for the hundredth time I decided it was time to show the world how the Sarah Connor scene should have actually played out. Originally, Sarah Connor nags everyone and her son asks her to be quiet.

If I had directed T2 instead of James Cameron, it would have played something like this:

"Men like you...built the hydrogen bomb. Men like you...thought it up. You think you're so creative. You don't know what it's like to really create something. To create a life, to feel it growing inside you. All you know how to create is DEATH!"

"What about crack babies?"


"Babies. Born addicted to crack and suffering permanent disabilities because their mothers were abusing drugs while pregnant."


"Women who supposedly have this unique perspective and empathy about life yet who willfully harms their unborn, developing baby by repeatedly smoking meth doesn't seem very 'creative' to me."


"Damn. That bitch is crazy."

See? Entirely free of any feminazi propaganda the scene is more realistic and even-handed. The movie would have been all the better for my version.


Tiny Livestock

One of the drawbacks to the sudden, overnight departure of the 13+ illegal aliens that lived in the apartment upstairs is that the colony of roaches with which they cohabited are now in desperate need of food. No longer having the steady resource of garbage available that they used to rely on the colony has spread out into other residences in search of sustenance.

Namely, my place.

We don't live in a ghetto*, but the complex is priced for young couples and young people don't clean up after themselves because they are not used to mommy not doing it for them. A common tactic from some renters about apartments in this price range is that a legitimate person will rent a place and sub-let it out to others who need a place or those who have a reason not to be in the system. In the case of several of my neighbors that means undocumented immigrants. When the management finds out what is going on they terminate the leases and evict the occupants. It doesn't take a genius to figure out which apartment has such residences. In each case closet doors are removed and stored on the balcony (to make that much more room for another mattress) and a curtain hangs the width of the living room (so the blinds on the balcony can be open for light and air while preventing anyone from seeing how many people are actually in the residence). The extra folks upstairs not on the lease were already kicked out once before but after a few weeks a group moved back in. I've counted no less than 18 mattresses piled by the dumpster each time the residents are kicked out of the 2 room apartments.

I don't care about their legal status because they are human beings who need a place to live and a job to work, but they could have kept the noise down. You'd think a herd of disco-loving dancing elephants lived in the place from the noise they made at all hours. Additionally, my wife didn't appreciate the bags full of garbage and piles of empty beer cans dripping their contents down onto our space from the balcony above.


In the last few weeks I've sprayed enough poison to surely lower the family's IQ by several points and cause us all genetic damage that will undoubtedly manifest in interesting ways in generations to come but the bug problem is getting under control again thanks to a few carpet bombings and attention by the property management. For a while it was very annoying. I couldn't even cook a meal. Put a spoon down on the counter while cooking to get something from the refrigerator and when turned back there would be a bug on the spoon. This was unacceptable. I haven't lived in a place with roaches since I was in Texas 20 years ago** and I wasn't about to now.

I set up glue traps around the apartment (which also has variant of Trashvertising) to snare the few bugs that survived the gassing.

The packaging of the traps was alarming. I don't know where the majority of this product is sold but I don't want to live anywhere a freaking anaconda is considered a "common household pest".

* It's many hundreds of dollars less expensive than where I last lived and has 1/3 more space. We had to move to a less costly (and what I call transitional) place due to the dysfunctional payroll system of my employer and the incompetence of career managers who
were unable to resolve what was originally a simple small pay error in less than 3 months and who comically compounded the error to surreal levels, causing serious deleterious effects to my finances.

** The definition of a luxury home in Texas is vermin infested hell-hole.


Saturday, September 23, 2006

Comic Book Ad: Joe Bonomo's Mini-Gym

Every panel in this advertisement is freaking GOLD!

From Avon's Phantom Witch Doctor #1 (1952)

(Click the picture to make bigger like Tom's wonderful ginormous muscles)


Dreadstar and the Power of Positive Thinking

Greg Burgas over at Comics Should Be Good waxes positive about Jim Starlin's unfinished opus featuring his archetype hero Vanth Dreadstar. Along with Gerrold's War Against the Ch'torr and Harman's Refederacy Trilogy, the Metamorphosis Odyssey is the unfinished story I am most looking forward to being continued or completed.

While Starlin could for once have a hero that doesn't leave a sparkle trail like a magic pink unicorn when he flies I enjoyed the underlying concept that Vanth is a tool of greater forces, just a trigger on a great big gun pointed indiscriminately at the universe. The first part of his story ended when he facilitated a galaxy being euthanized to save it from destruction. Crazy, man.

This is one of my favorite scenes from Dreadstar from Epic Illustrated #15 (Dec 1982). It is also the story in which Willow is introduced. This is also the first and only time she was portrayed as a helpless victim.

"Nothing is impossible! No, wait!"

I like how Starlin had Vanth assert one thing only to have the actual situation become clear a moment later in the form of a giant rock poised to fall and crush everyone. Now that's symbolism! In this one page Jim Starlin shows us the difference between what we believe to be true and reality.

This would make a great poster to be hung on the wall of any reality-based thinker.


Friday, September 22, 2006

Von Hulkman's Pets

Most articles about Pulp magazines usually focuses on the art, which is justifiably classic and representative of artistic wit and talent that rarely becomes quaint and outdated. Many contemporary comic book artists could take a few lessons from the great pulp artists (and some went even further than that).

The stories themselves are often overlooked or ignored. I admit to also doing that myself in regards to my own pulp collection. Whenever I receive a new magazine containing Frank R. Paul art I usually focus on that and disregard the rest.

While I enjoy the pulp era of fiction I find much of the writing to be forgettable or just not that good. There are notable exceptions, of course. The science fiction revival of the late 1950's through early 1970's derived much of it's content from the science fiction, fantasy and horror magazines of the 1930's and 1940's. I was myself unaware of this until I discovered the original work of such lights as Leinster, Wellman and others in old pulp magazines that I had recently read in new collections of anthologies.

Just as the current genres of SF and Fantasy prose came in part from the inexpensive accessibility of the pulp form to the general public, so do comic books have an origin in the frugal storytelling of the pulps.

Von Hulckman's Pets was first published in September 1949 in Amazing Stories. It is similar in style, pace and plot to the comic book SF and Monster stories that appeared in anthologies published by the truckload in the 50's and 60's by DC, Marvel (Atlas), et al. The story of mad villain and alien slave bugs battling a hero will be familiar to anyone who has a passing familiarity with the comic book genre. While it was published fairly late in the pulp era it is still representative of the type of Bug-Eyed Monster tale fiction that can be thought of as a precursor to the comic books that would be on the market a few years later.

This story could very well be adapted today into a comic book featuring Lady Cop going up against Lex Luthor and his army of mutant ants and no one would bat an eye.

You can download and read the story at the link: Von Hulckman's Pets.


Wednesday, September 20, 2006

Shanna the She-Devil by Tony DeZuniga

Ever wondered what Shanna the She-Devil would look like as played by Jane Fonda? Sure you did. For the answer to that burning search-query look no further than the portfolio by Tony DeZuiniga published in Rampaging Hulk #9 magazine back in June 1978.

The portfolio prefaced a rollicking Shanna revenge-tale written by Steve Gerber and also illustrated by Tony DeZuniga. I'm surprised that Gerber wrote this as its themes make it feel more like a Chris Claremont work. The Shanna story featured kinky sex with a python, multiple scenes of bondage, menstrual feminine-power symbolism and nearly every cliche' from the golden age of Fiction House jungle adventure comics. Not to say it is a bad story. Steve Gerber revamped Shanna to be less the weeping environmentalist and more the psychotic butt-kicking avenger of the jungle. Too bad it didn't take. She got so annoying in Ka-Zar, I'm surprised Kevin didn't shoot himself in the head.

In general I like Tony DeZuniga art. New readers to comics may recognize him as the long time (and recent guest) inker on DC's Jonah Hex title. He is the quintessential inker, if not artist, for Jonah. His recent stint on the Jonah Hex book showed how easily he could take the current creative team to school. It isn't enough to make Hex ugly, you have to make him grimy.

Yet in this instance it leaves me unsatisfied. Artwise the Shanna story is a fanboy's wank dream of power fantasies, breasts and furry thongs barely covering firm buttocks. The art is definitely the primary storyteller as it overpowers the script, something that is not always good for a comic (as the 90's proved). The panel layouts seem familiar, too, as if panels were cribbed from Ben Casey strips by Neal Adams and old romance comics. That may not be fair to DeZuniga, though, as there are certainly a finite number of "celibate sex-kitten whore" poses you can render the female form into. Of course, that didn't stop anyone in the 90's from trying to expand on the concept anyway.

You can see the Shanna the She-Devil portfolio by clicking the picture hard... No, harder! Harder! Yesyesyes, like that...

Shanna the She-Devil portfolio


Tuesday, September 19, 2006

Today is Talk Like A Viking Berserker Day!

So today is Talk Like A Pirate Day? Looking around the blog-o-net I see lots of images of really pathetic pirates and pictures of Johnny Depp. Yeesh. Have some pride, man!

If you are going to emulate a pirate then at least geek to the real bad-ass ones and not the lame Disneyfied buccaneers that every other cosplayer is larping.

Now these maurauders from Thor - Vikings #2 (Oct 2003) were some serious, old school pirates. Their pirate boat is flying above a Manhattan street as they go pillaging. That is really cool.

It is true: Vikings totally kick the asses of all pirates and ninjas combined.

Monday, September 18, 2006

Smallville - Season 5, aka the 22 hour promo for Superman Returns

Watching it's fifth season on DVD, Smallville feels more like a 22-hour commercial for the Superman Returns movie. It isn't all bad and there are some good moments here and there. Some episodes, like the Aquaman stealth-pilot, got too cute with the pop-culture and geek references. Clark's fight with the Evil Kryptonians seemed resolved a bit too easily since he defeated them by what amounts to tapping them on the left shoulder as he walked past them on the right.

When not busy giving nods to Donner and Superman - The Movie there were a few episodes that I liked, but over all the entire season seems rushed and skittish. It was almost like someone was worried that what happened on the small screen might hinder the movie's box office. Here are a few things about the fifth season I thought worth mention.

The Aquaman episode was spectacularly awful. A few times you could actually see the doofus surfer moron who played A.C., a doofus surfer moron, reading his next line from cue cards held off-camera. I'm surprised his lips didn't move. You'd think out of all the DSM's they looked at for this episode the producers could find at least one that didn't need to secretly flex his toes in sequence when counting to ten. I'd wager there are out takes where the DSM says something like "Okay, Clark. AC looks angry. Let's go. Walks off to right."

This season saw the attempt to build up of a lot of sexual tension between Clark and Lois, laying the groundwork for their later relationship. There were many scenes of Clark squirming uncomfortably as Lois pole-danced in a club, wore bikini's and walked around her apartment in the nude. All the teasing cheesecake was necessary, I suppose, because it is only looks that count for the teen demographic and the producers must feel that no one could be attracted to someone for their personality. I'd buy their budding TV relationship more if Lois didn't look 8 years Clark's senior. As it appears now, Clark seems to be puppy-dogging after Mrs. Robinson.

The last four seasons has shown that people in Smallville can't drive worth a damn and season 5 only reinforces it. They must have the highest vehicle insurance rates in the country, if not the world. Heck, rates for cars are probably higher in Smallville than for those in Iraq. It's rare that any car in Smallville gets from point A to point B without a spectacular, fiery crash. If it isn't a a tornado picking up a vehicle and smashing it then they are getting thrown by super-psychos, flipped, exploded, run off the road or hit by meteors.

Chloe needs to join the DCU continuity. Look at those sad, sad eyes. It just rips me apart that her love for Clark is unrequited. There is precedent for bringing a supporting character from one form of media to the other. Jimmy Olsen was a creation of the Superman radio show and was so popular he was thereafter featured in the comic books. It's true that Jimmy sucks but he kind of didn't until the Silver Age got a hold of him. DC needs to ditch all the established crushing history and expectations of their characters, bounce Lois and Lana into limbo and allow Chloe a shot at Clark again. Poor little lamb.


Saturday, September 16, 2006

The Brow is torturing my sister!

When a comics fan thinks about the controversy about Frederick Wertham and the Seduction of the Innocent they usually associate that period of comic book history with publisher William Gaines and EC comics and to a lesser extent, the relationship of Batman and Robin and Wonder Woman bondage.

But the output of Harvey Comics was one of the companies that initially spurred the semi-loons to attack comics. Check out these Dick Tracy covers at the GCD. You can see where the influence of Congress and parents kicked in. The issue cover art changes from such scenes as a gun shot victim dripping gore from a face wound to smiling poses of Detective Tracy that reveal no clue as to the interior. It is a similar to the inane covers of early Silver Age comics like DC's World's Finest featuring Superman, Batman and Robin engaged in activities such as taking photos, fleeing skunks and skiing at charity events.

Pretty extreme for a company that would later be known as the publisher for such safe children's fare as Casper the Friendly Ghost*. Harvey produced a lot of product that was on the surface bright and shiny and was a favorite of children, but was actually very mature in content. Even the three covers shown above, while wrong in many ways, just look like freaking Three-Color fun fun fun! The dog biting the gangster's face is my "favorite" of the Tracy covers with Harvey.

Yet the content of the comic books of the 50's were not the real problem. Admittedly many comics were lurid, violent, graphic and definitely not for young children. The issue was that they were specifically marketed for children too young for the nature of the content. If published now by DC or Marvel these comics would be a Vertigo or Max imprint. The difference today is that the comic book audience consists mostly of young or mature adults who are better able to process the imagery and content. Like the 50's, the marketing of comics today is all about the extreme getting a little attention in a shrinking yet crowded market.

One of the ways that the industry gets reader attention is through the hyper-sexualization of comic book characters. What I find today is that like in the 1950's, the industry is still marketing their product to an age group that is younger than the suggested audience. This sales trick is similar in action to labeling toy for Ages 5 and Up, when it is known and planned that many sales will come from parents who believe their 3 year old is advanced enough (and all parents think that) to use the toy at the 5 year old level.

And this is where labeling comes in. I have no problem with labeling and like seeing it, though I recall some hue and cry about it when it was initialized, mostly from the recording industry. They believed it would hurt sales, though actually the opposite happened. A comic store owner I knew lamented that he lost a sale whenever a Mom saw the Mature Content label on Swamp Thing. Sales increased quickly though as the older audience picked it up for the same reason.

One frequently used trick to avoid the Mature Content label is to color the skin of the nude character an unnatural hue such as green or blue, because nudity is okay if the subject is not human or an alien. I think it obvious that the 12 year old who picked up Detective Comics #823 with the tasty Poison Ivy panel will likely buy next month's and other DC issues for the chance of viewing similar sexy material.

In their lust for one more freaking dollar from the public the comic book industry keeps going for the shallow reader. This is a mistake. In the 1970's comic books did pretty well for themselves and I'd argue the decade was about a comic being story-driven using both art and writing. The latter 80's and the unfortunate 90's was all about the breasts and crotch shots. It is a matter of history that comics quality and sales have suffered since then. The comic industry underestimates their audience much like Hollywood does their cinema customers and resorts to the desperate short grift to bring in the quick buck.

The thing is, most comic readers know it is a gimmick. The stage magician does not really saw a woman in half yet it's still a good show. But the audience would be larger if when the magician sawed through the lady her panties would get snagged on the blade and tear off, right? That performance tease would fill some more seats...At least until the novelty wore thin. Some of the decline in comic sales must from weary fans dropping books as the companies open up the trunk of badness and return to the 90's style of art and story.

For me it's all about the intentions behind the product and not the content. It is rare that I find personally objectionable anything in a comic book. The artistic stunts the comic industry is condoning is akin to spam for comic cooks. If you have to trick a consumer into buying your product then it isn't worth selling.

The comic blogosphere is always buzzing with the commentary about unnecessary sexualization and stereotyping in comics, usually of the female characters. It is heartening to see that some bloggers are having a positive effect on the industry. Others have made it their cause because they want the industry to change for the better through education and exposure of the issues. Let me tell you, it's getting hard to say something new about the same old thing because of how often it happens. Often bloggers and board-posters are forced to be silly or snarky to make a subtle point that could be missed. It isn't easy posting an image of the Black Cat's buttocks and making it educational.

There is at least one good exception to the T&A marketing model, though. The creator of Ant recently acknowledged that he was having his character foray too far into T&A and pledged to take the coitus-poses down a few notches. That alone is enough to make me support his book and pick it up.

* Yes, I know Casper was a dead baby. And Barney the Dinosaur is a T-Rex, a fearsome predator.


Thursday, September 14, 2006

My Not-Good-For-Hotlinking or Swiping-the-Funny Out of Context Panel of the Day

Like BeaucoupKevin (who tilts his) or Robby Reed (who provides small, 5x5 pixel thumbnails) I have also decided to from now on post my comic panels and photos in a form that discourages the 3 people that read this blog from snark-concept theft and indiscriminate hotlinking.

Until further notice this is the posting format of pictures included in my rants about unnecessary hyper-sexuality in comics while still secretly getting traffic hits via search results for cheesecake drawings of Super-Heroines. Nor will I provide info about where the image is from, thereby hurting any potential back-issue sales from an intrigued reader.

Here is my funny, yet insightful, commentary featuring Red Sonja in her chainmail bikini.

- From some comic. Look for it yourself if interested.


Comic Book Blogging Now Officially Uncool

The nature of pop-culture trends is that they have a short shelf-life. As exposure increases the novelty wears off and what was cool and hip becomes tiresome and annoying. When groovy becomes mainstream it swiftly fades into a best-forgotten novelty. Examples of this would be when songs by the Beatles were covered by the Four Freshmen, when the mode of dress that was a matter of survival for disadvantaged inner-city youths became the fashions of affluent Caucasian teens and when high-stakes poker became an evenings' diversion of television and film celebrities.

So like other cultural fads comic book blogging has now lost it's cache as a chick-magnet and springboard to greater literary and artistic pursuits that will give us all truck loads of cash. This is made never so evident as when recently the mainstream comic book industry begins to use our shtick as a parodic feature for meta-contextual self-snark.

Marvel takes the fun out of comics. I've heard that said almost daily since 1990 but until today I never gave the statement any credence.

From Marvel's Bullpen Bulletins' page of New Excalibur #11 (Nov 2006)


Wednesday, September 13, 2006

She's echoing her words on the screen!

And here I thought that trick never worked. Clark (Superman) Kent took his date to an adult movie and found out that she is a dirty, dirty girl with no impulse control.

Dude, score!

From Superman Family #203 (Oct 1980)


It couldn't get more 1950's if you tried

Mister Mystery #12 (July 1953) and The All New Atom #3 (Nov 2006)

Ollivetti did a nice eye injury homage cover for the Atom #3. And the hat-tips to 1950's pop-culture doesn't end at the cover. The interior features a knod to 50's horror films at a drive-in, defiled corpses a-plenty, gooey Spa-fonic parasitic monsters, invasion by communist aliens and a giant nude woman shoving a tiny man into a bodily orifice. Gail Simone also sneaks in a few commentaries about hypocrites and fanboys near the end. It was a fun issue, if a bit of a mash, and I hope Simone gets to the point quickly before everyone loses interest.


Tuesday, September 12, 2006

Count the Porn-Faces!

This cover appeals to a wide range of the fanboy/girl demographic. It has something for everyone. Mostly it has a variety of porn-faces. It is a fact that porn-faces on a cover helps sales. I myself bought this when it came out because of Supergirl.

Counting Krypto (and you always have to count Krypto), there are 6 open-mouthed porn-faces on the 8 characters featured on this comic cover.

Perry White doesn't show one mostly because he is old and unattractive. Hopefully no fanboy lusts after the Perry, but you never know. He does have a cigar in his mouth. I don't know what that means, though. Jimmy Olsen doesn't show the porn-face because Jimmy sucks and he doesn't deserve any. Ever.

Of the six porn-faces shown, males are represented by a total of four and the women have two. Males are shamelessly objectified on this cover with a porn-face ratio of two-to-one over the women.

The lesson I have learned from this cover is that a Neal Adams drawn Supergirl is hot.

- from Superman Family #185
(Sept-Oct 1977)


My interview with author Jack Harman!

A few days ago I was lucky enough to meet one of my favorite authors, Jack Harman, at a book store author-reading in Maryland where he read his Penny Dreadful award-winning mystery short Little Mistakes to an appreciative audience. Once I got past my fan-boy slobbering we got to talking and Jack (he said to call him Jack!) was kind enough to grant an interview. I’m not a journalist and I came off kind of clumsy, but he said I did a pretty good job. I edited out my really awkward, narcissistic and rambling parts.

For those of you not familiar with Harman’s work, he spent years working in advertising, television, film and publishing. An author of several best selling science fiction and horror novels, Jack Harman also worked in the comics industry for a short time as a writer until his now infamous falling out with one of the Big 2. His horror and science fiction work has been favorably compared to that of Robert R. McCammon and Stephen King. His SF novels are pure adventure and fun reading! I recommend the Gods of Knodding and Wolves of Starcomb.

Lady, That's My Skull: I have a comics-centric blog, so can we start on your work in that field? Comics, I mean.

Jack Harman: Sure. Uh…I guess my first work was the indy-published Rocket Engine Empire. It’s embarrassing to look at now but I was proud of it then. I remember it didn’t sell very well. It was at a time when even the worst, cheaply made indy mags were in color and it was printed in black and white on something that must have been leftover newsprint from the Chicago Tribune. So cheap. It was yellow by the time it was loaded onto a truck. Just not very well written, either. I thought because I was an experienced author comic books would be easy.

LTMS: That’s a growing trend in comics today.

JH: Sure, it’s all about sales and cross-marketing. Look how many comic book treatments of novels have come out since it was announced Stephen King was adapting The Dark Tower.

LTMS: They have been moderately successful.

JH: Actually, they have almost all been disasters in today's market, though that is not the fault of the comic itself. It is just the reality of smaller over-all sales everywhere, not just in comic books. Only Identity Crisis was a big hit and only because of Brad’s name being attached to it.

LTMS: That wasn’t an adaptation of a Meltzer book.

JH: Of course. But none of these are really about the story. What makes most of the sales is the name attached to the project. F. Paul Wilson’s adaptation of The Keep was good enough, but the comic couldn’t come close enough to the depth of the book with out running for 20 issues. I read it because of the name on the cover. Dan Brown could write a comic book and it would sell.

LTMS: Maybe not now.

JH: Maybe not now, yeah.

LTMS: Back on track, what was next after Empire?

JH: Several 2-6 pagers in various anthology comic mags. Stories that had ironic twist endings, that sort of thing. I don't even remeber them now. I started getting recognized by the editors. The Big 2 still wouldn’t return my calls but except for Harlan Ellison, mainstream authors didn’t get much work in comics back then. We were not cache’ enough.

Then I did Old Snow, for Darkling Comics for 15 issues. Those were the horror pieces with the EC Crypt Keeper-clone as a host. That was when I thought I’d be doing okay in the comic industry. I was able to buy a car with those sales. I thought I was a force to be reckoned with, a new talent everyone would want. Claremont was making the big time with X-Men and I had a briefcase full of ideas. I thought I could do as well as him, so I kept going to New York with samples and started knocking on doors at Marvel and DC.

LTMS: What happened?

JH: Nothing. Or, flat out rejection. I became discouraged and quit traveling to New York and just mailed in samples. I eventually took the hint and got hungry so I kept working for Chicago TV or an ad agency, but whenever I got inspired I’d submit an idea to DC.

LTMS: Just DC?

JH: Pretty much. DC had more opportunities for freelancers. Marvel had a locked set of books and a stable of creators tied to them. No real wiggle room for outsiders. DC was a bit more adventurous and would crank out some weird stuff for no reason, like Lords of the Ultra-Realm.

LTMS: Around that time is when you had that fan-rage incident.

JH: Yeah. I submitted a story to an editor I respected and got ripped off. It happens to every author at least once in the industry, mostly in the book side of the biz with short stories.

LTMS: And then you made the famous “Woodstock Quote”.

JH: Yes, the "Woodstock Quote".

LTMS: How did that come about?

JH: Anger. I wrote a short story for submission to DC. It was basically a play on the Superman origin, not real complex or anything, but it had an anti-war moral. It featured an alien orphan adopted by a village during the Vietnam War. US Soldiers attack the village looking for the enemy and the super-powered alien child wipes them out, dying itself in the fight. Story had to have a moral back then like those He-Man cartoons. I never heard anything back from my submission, but about a year later a friend showed me an issue of Weird War and it was the cover story. My story was almost entirely re-worked. The alien kid was changed to a mutant, a concept that admittedly sold better then. Comic book readers were insane for mutants. But, if you are going to steal the idea, at least give me a credit of some kind. A box somewhere that says it was based on my original idea.

LTMS: So you angered the fans instead of addressing DC directly.

JH: Yeah, not too smart to treat your audience with contempt. When I wrote that tantrum letter to the industry trade The Comics Creator, I compared comics negatively to "real" books. In the letter I had said, “Comic Books are to literature as the Woodstock poster was to the actual live concert.”

LTMS: Oops.

JH: Yeah. I took lots of heat for that. I should have gone after one specific section of the industry, namely a few in that editor's office. Instead, my tiff at the way the industry worked as a whole appeared as if I lumped everyone together or as if the readers were stupid or at fault. It wasn’t directed at them but I understood how they felt about the comments.

LTMS: Ok. Yeah I remember I was offended at the time. Because except for limitations put on books by the Comics Code or by the publisher, as in Harvey or Disney comics, I never saw comics as juvenile fare. There was loads of subtext.

JH: I had no idea back then how passionate comic book readers were. I also made a few editors upset too. My submissions after that were returned un-opened. I still remember the return stamp used by some secretary or junior editor would say "No Such Address."

LTMS: So when a comic book career didn’t work out, you kept on with the novels.

JH: Yes, I was able to stay alive on those, my work at an ad agency, plus the screen and television script treatments. It was steady work, but draining. I always felt re-writing some else’s work is insulting to the author. There where some great lines in some of those scripts but some suit had notes so they had to be removed. If 80’s TV was mostly a wasteland of creativity it’s only because some prig in a tie was worried about what niche they were trying to fill to attract an audience.

LTMS: Art by committee.

JH: Fortunately, I was able to take time off from that whenever I sold a novel.

LTMS: Like the Refederacy Trilogy? The one that…

JH: That never finished. Gods of Knodding and Beachhead: Paradise sold well enough that I was able to get major interest in a third novel.

LTMS: The first two in the series were all stand alone works.

JH: Right, a shared universe but seperate stories that tied in to the others. I never intended to write a second. But the final line of Knodding gave me ideas. “In the end, we gave them Hawaii.” That lead to my idea for Beachhead: Paradise and then Shard.

LTMS: So what happened to Shard?

JH: The first two sold well enough that my agent was able to get a studio interested in the story. The deal back then was to basically give them all rights. I was married, had a mortgage, just had a son and the writers’ strike was killing me financially, so I took the check. It was supposed to be published later with a “Soon to be a Major Motion Picture” tagline on the cover. But it stayed in studio limbo for years.

LTMS: That’s too bad.

JH: Not really. As much as I’d have liked to see Knodding on a big screen the movie technology wouldn’t have done the idea justice.

LTMS: The time wasn't right. Sort of like when the Beatle’s wanted to make Lord of the Rings?

JH: (Laughs) Exactly. Nice idea but the follow through would have been terrible. The rights reverted back to me a while ago, but I don’t want to see it made cheap and go straight to DVD. Honestly, there isn’t any interest in the story now as a film.

LTMS: Really.

JH: Yes. I’ve sent it out, but it comes back. And without an 80 million dollar budget it won’t get made.

LTMS: So what is next, that is, if we won’t see the end to the Refederacy story?

JH: Well, Spiders Come Back is coming out next June. It is psychological horror and a murder mystery. But it has a pay-off. None of that it was all in your mind, or was it? climax.

LTMS: You’ve done a few in that style, which gets you compared to [Stephen] King.

JH: I prefer Koontz-ish.

LTMS: So where do you go next?

I've got my heart set on staying in book writing, but I've recognized the need to diversify. So I'll branch out again into different aspects of entertainment. The time feels right for it.

What a great guy! This was almost as good as when I met David Brin right after he had Sundiver published. I can hardly wait for his next book. I still want to see GoK in theaters, though. I'd settle for an Original Sci-Fi Channel World Premiere Movie at this point.


Monday, September 11, 2006

Great, now I have to drive angry...

The 1972 Sci Fi classic film Silent Running is on cable right now and I am watching it before I drive out to Annapolis to work. When I first went to see this in the theatres I thought I was going to watch a WW2 submarine warfare film and I was confused to see spaceships. I enjoyed it more back then than I do today, probably because I am much older and don't care about the environment because doing so interferes with me being selfish and living in quiet desperation.

I still want one of those electric buggies the crew tooled around in. Oh, and a team of servant midget robots to play cards with. That would be cool.

But in watching the film this morning I realized that there is only one thing I hate more than hippies.

And that is SPACE HIPPIES.

Sunday, September 10, 2006

The List


Anna Williams Allison, David Lawrence Angell, Lynn Edwards Angell, Seima Aoyama, Barbara Jean Ares Tegui, Myra Joy Aronson, Christine Barbuto, Carolyn Mayer Beug, Kelly Ann Booms, Carol Marie Bouchard, Neilie Anne Heffernan Casey, Jeffrey Dwayne Collman, Jeffrey W. Coombs, Tara Kathleen Creamer, Thelma Cuccinello, Patrick Currivan, Brian P. Dale, David DiMeglio, Donald Americo DiTullio, Alberto Dominguez, Paige Farley-Hackel, Alexander Milan Filipov, Carol Flyzik, Paul Friedman, Karleton D.B. Fyfe, Peter Alan Gay, Linda M. George, Edmund Glazer, Lisa Reinhart Fenn Gordenstein, Andrew Peter Charles Curry Green, Peter Paul Hashem, Robert Jay Hayes, Edward (Ted) R. Hennessy, John A. Hofer, Cora Hidalgo Holland, John Nicholas Humber, Waleed Iskandar, John Charles Jenkins, Charles Edward Jones, Robin Kaplan, Barbara Keating, David Kovalcin, Judy Larocque, Natalie Janis Lasden, Daniel John Lee, Daniel C. Lewin, Sara Elizabeth Low, Susan A. MacKay, Karen A. Martin, Thomas F. McGuinness, Christopher D. Mello, Jeffrey Peter Mladenik, Antonio Jesus Montoya Valdes, Carlos Alberto Montoya, Laura Lee Morabito, Mildred Naiman, Laurie Ann Neira, Renee Lucille Newell, Kathleen Ann Nicosia, Jacqueline J. Norton, Robert Grant Norton, John Ogonowski, Betty Ann Ong, Jane M. Orth, Thomas Nicholas Pecorelli, Berinthia Berenson Perkins, Sonia Morales Puopolo, David E. Retik, Jean Destrehan Roger, Philip M. Rosenzweig, Richard Barry Ross, Jessica Leigh Sachs, Rahma Salie, Heather Lee Smith, Dianne Bullis Snyder, Douglas J. Stone, Xavier Suarez, Madeline Amy Sweeney, Michael Theodoridis, James Anthony Trentini, Mary Barbara Trentini, Pendyala Vamsikrishna, Mary Alice Wahlstrom, Kenneth E. Waldie, John Wenckus, Candace Lee Williams, Christopher Rudolph Zarba, Alona Avraham, Garnet Edward (Ace) Bailey, Mark Lawrence Bavis, Graham Andrew Berkeley, Touri Bolourchi, Klaus Bothe, Daniel R. Brandhorst, David Reed Gamboa Brandhorst, John Brett Cahill, Christoffer Mikael Carstanjen, John (Jay) J. Corcoran, Ana Gloria Pocasangre de Barrera, Dorothy Alma DeAraujo, Robert John Fangman, Lisa Frost, Ronald Gamboa, Lynn Catherine Goodchild, Peter Morgan Goodrich, Douglas A. Gowell, Francis E. Grogan, Carl Max Hammond, Christine Lee Hanson, Peter Hanson, Gerald F. Hardacre, Eric Samadikan Hartono, James E. Hayden, Herbert W. Homer, Michael R. Horrocks, Robert Adrien Jalbert, Amy N. Jarret, Ralph Francis Kershaw, Sue Kim Hanson, Heinrich Kimmig, Amy R. King, Brian Kinney, Kathryn L. LaBorie, Robert George LeBlanc, Maclovio Lopez, Marianne MacFarlane, Alfred Gilles Padre Joseph Marchand, Louis Neil Mariani, Juliana Valentine McCourt, Ruth Magdaline McCourt, Wolfgang Peter Menzel, Shawn M. Nassaney, Marie Pappalardo, Patrick J. Quigley, Frederick Charles Rimmele, James M. Roux, Jesus Sanchez, Victor J. Saracini, Mary Kathleen Shearer, Robert Michael Shearer, Jane Louise Simpkin, Brian D. Sweeney, Michael C. Tarrou, Alicia Nicole Titus, Timothy Ray Ward, William M. Weems Gordon McCannel Aamoth, Edelmiro (Ed) Abad, Maria Rose Abad, Andrew Anthony Abate, Vincent Abate, Laurence Christopher Abel, William F. Abrahamson, Richard Anthony Aceto, Alicia Acevedo Carranza, Heinrich B. Ackermann, Paul Andrew Acquaviva, Donald L. Adams, Patrick Adams, Shannon Lewis Adams, Stephen Adams, Ignatius Adanga, Christy A. Addamo, Terence E. Adderley, Sophia B. Addo, Lee Adler, Daniel Thomas Afflitto, Emmanuel Afuakwah, Alok Agarwal, Mukul Agarwala, Joseph Agnello, David Scott Agnes, Joao A.D. Aguiar, Brian G. Ahearn, Jeremiah J. Ahern, Joanne Ahladiotis, Shabbir Ahmed, Terrance Andre Aiken, Godwin Ajala, Gertrude M. Alagero, Andrew Alameno, Margaret Ann (Peggy) Jezycki Alario, Gary Albero, Jon L. Albert, Peter Craig Alderman, Jacquelyn Delaine Aldridge, Grace Alegre-Cua, David D. Alger, Boutros al-Hashim, Ernest Alikakos, Edward L. Allegretto, Eric Allen, Joseph Ryan Allen, Richard Dennis Allen, Richard Lanard Allen, Christopher Edward Allingham, Janet M. Alonso, Anthony Alvarado, Antonio Javier Alvarez, Telmo Alvear, Cesar A. Alviar, Tariq Amanullah, Angelo Amaranto, James Amato, Joseph Amatuccio, Christopher Charles Amoroso, Kazuhiro Anai, Calixto Anaya, Joseph Peter Anchundia, Kermit Charles Anderson, Yvette Anderson, John Andreacchio, Michael Rourke Andrews, Jean A. Andrucki, Siew-Nya Ang, Joseph Angelini, Joseph Angelini, Laura Angilletta, Doreen J. Angrisani, Lorraine D. Antigua, Peter Paul Apollo, Faustino Apostol, Frank Thomas Aquilino, Patrick Michael Aranyos, David Gregory Arce, Michael G. Arczynski, Louis Arena, Adam Arias, Michael J. Armstrong, Jack Charles Aron, Joshua Aron, Richard Avery Aronow, Japhet J. Aryee, Carl Asaro, Michael A. Asciak, Michael Edward Asher, Janice Ashley, Thomas J. Ashton, Manuel O. Asitimbay, Gregg Arthur Atlas, Gerald Atwood, James Audiffred, Louis Frank Aversano, Ezra Aviles, Samuel (Sandy) Ayala, Arlene T. Babakitis, Eustace (Rudy) Bacchus, John James Badagliacca, Jane Ellen Baeszler, Robert J. Baierwalter, Andrew J. Bailey, Brett T. Bailey, Tatyana Bakalinskaya, Michael S. Baksh, Sharon Balkcom, Michael Andrew Bane, Kathy Bantis, Gerard Jean Baptiste, Walter Baran, Gerard A. Barbara, Paul V. Barbaro, James W. Barbella, Ivan Kyrillos Fairbanks Barbosa, Victor Daniel Barbosa, Colleen Ann Barkow, David Michael Barkway, Matthew Barnes, Sheila Patricia Barnes, Evan J. Baron, Renee Barrett-Arjune, Arthur T. Barry, Diane G. Barry, Maurice Vincent Barry, Scott D. Bart, Carlton W. Bartels, Guy Barzvi, Inna Basina, Alysia Basmajian, Kenneth William Basnicki, Steven J. Bates, Paul James Battaglia, W. David Bauer, Ivhan Luis Carpio Bautista, Marlyn C. Bautista, Jasper Baxter, Michele (Du Berry) Beale, Paul F. Beatini, Jane S. Beatty, Larry I. Beck, Manette Marie Beckles, Carl John Bedigian, Michael Beekman, Maria Behr, Yelena Belilovsky, Nina Patrice Bell, Andrea Della Bella, Debbie S. Bellows, Stephen Elliot Belson, Paul Michael Benedetti, Denise Lenore Benedetto, Bryan Craig Bennett, Eric L. Bennett, Oliver Duncan Bennett, Margaret L. Benson, Dominick J. Berardi, James Patrick Berger, Steven Howard Berger, John P. Bergin, Alvin Bergsohn, Daniel D. Bergstein, Michael J. Berkeley, Donna Bernaerts-Kearns, Dave Bernard, William Bernstein, David M. Berray, David S. Berry, Joseph J. Berry, William Reed Bethke, Timothy D. Betterly, Edward F. Beyea, Paul Michael Beyer, Anil T. Bharvaney, Bella Bhukhan, Shimmy D. Biegeleisen, Peter Alexander Bielfeld, William Biggart, Brian Bilcher, Carl Vincent Bini, Gary Bird, Joshua David Birnbaum, George Bishop, Jeffrey D. Bittner, Balewa Albert Blackman, Christopher Joseph Blackwell, Susan L. Blair, Harry Blanding, Janice L. Blaney, Craig Michael Blass, Rita Blau, Richard M. Blood, Michael A. Boccardi, John Paul Bocchi, Michael L. Bocchino, Susan Mary Bochino, Bruce Douglas (Chappy) Boehm, Mary Katherine Boffa, Nicholas A. Bogdan, Darren C. Bohan, Lawrence Francis Boisseau, Vincent M. Boland, Alan Bondarenko, Andre Bonheur, Colin Arthur Bonnett, Frank Bonomo, Yvonne L. Bonomo, Sean Booker, Juan Jose Borda Leyva, Sherry Ann Bordeaux, Krystine C. Bordenabe, Martin Boryczewski, Richard E. Bosco, John Howard Boulton, Francisco Bourdier, Thomas H. Bowden, Kimberly S. Bowers, Veronique (Bonnie) Nicole Bowers, Larry Bowman, Shawn Edward Bowman, Kevin L. Bowser, Gary R. Box, Gennady Boyarsky, Pamela Boyce, Michael Boyle, Alfred Braca, Sandra Conaty Brace, Kevin H. Bracken, David Brian Brady, Alexander Braginsky, Nicholas W. Brandemarti, Michelle Renee Bratton, Patrice Braut, Lydia Estelle Bravo, Ronald Michael Breitweiser, Edward A. Brennan, Frank H. Brennan, Michael Emmett Brennan, Peter Brennan, Thomas M. Brennan, Daniel Brethel, Gary L. Bright, Jonathan Eric Briley (Thought to be The Falling Man), Mark A. Brisman, Paul Gary Bristow, Victoria Alvarez Brito, Mark Francis Broderick, Herman C. Broghammer, Keith Broomfield, Janice J. Brown, Lloyd Brown, Patrick J. Brown, Bettina Browne, Mark Bruce, Richard Bruehert, Andrew Brunn, Vincent Brunton, Ronald Paul Bucca, Brandon J. Buchanan, Greg Joseph Buck, Dennis Buckley, Nancy Bueche, Patrick Joseph Buhse, John E. Bulaga, Stephen Bunin, Matthew J. Burke, Thomas Daniel Burke, William F. Burke, Donald James Burns, Kathleen A. Burns, Keith James Burns, John Patrick Burnside, Irina Buslo, Milton Bustillo, Thomas M. Butler, Patrick Byrne, Timothy G. Byrne, Jesus Cabezas, Lillian Caceres, Brian Joseph Cachia, Steven Cafiero, Richard M. Caggiano, Cecile M. Caguicla, Michael John Cahill, Scott W. Cahill, Thomas J. Cahill, George Cain, Salvatore B. Calabro, Joseph Calandrillo, Philip V. Calcagno, Edward Calderon, Kenneth Marcus Caldwell, Dominick E. Calia, Felix (Bobby) Calixte, Frank Callahan, Liam Callahan, Luigi Calvi, Roko Camaj, Michael Cammarata, David Otey Campbell, Geoffrey Thomas Campbell, Jill Marie Campbell, Robert Arthur Campbell, Sandra Patricia Campbell, Juan Ortega Campos, Sean Canavan, John A. Candela, Vincent Cangelosi, Stephen J. Cangialosi, Lisa B. Cannava, Brian Cannizzaro, Michael R. Canty, Louis A. Caporicci, Jonathan N. Cappello, James Christopher Cappers, Richard M. Caproni, Jose Cardona, Dennis M Carey, Edward Carlino, Michael Scott Carlo, David G. Carlone, Rosemarie C. Carlson, Mark Stephen Carney, Joyce Ann Carpeneto, Jeremy M. Carrington, Michael T. Carroll, Peter Carroll, James J. Carson, Christopher Newton Carter, James Marcel Cartier, Vivian Casalduc, John F. Casazza, Paul Cascio, Margarito Casillas, Thomas Anthony Casoria, William Otto Caspar, Alejandro Castano, German Castillo Galicia, Arcelia Castillo, Leonard M. Castrianno, Jose Ramon Castro, Richard G. Catarelli, Christopher Sean Caton, Robert J. Caufield, Mary Teresa Caulfield, Judson Cavalier, Michael Joseph Cawley, Jason D. Cayne, Juan Armando Ceballos, Marcia G. Cecil-Carter, Jason Cefalu, Thomas J. Celic, Ana M. Centeno, Joni Cesta, Jeffrey M. Chairnoff, Swarna Chalasini, William Chalcoff, Eli Chalouh, Charles Lawrence (Chip) Chan, Mandy Chang, Mark L. Charette, Gregorio Manuel Chavez, Pedro Francisco Checo, Douglas MacMillan Cherry, Stephen Patrick, Cherry, Vernon Paul Cherry, Nestor Chevalier, Swede Joseph Chevalier, Alexander H. Chiang, Dorothy J. Chiarchiaro, Luis Alfonso Chimbo, Robert Chin, Wing Wai (Eddie) Ching, Nicholas P. Chiofalo, John Chipura, Peter A. Chirchirillo, Catherine E. Chirls, Kyung (Kaccy) Cho, Abdul K. Chowdhury, Mohammed Salahuddin Chowdhury, Kirsten L. Christophe, Pamela Chu, Steven Paul Chucknick, Wai-ching Chung, Christopher Ciafardini, Alex F. Ciccone, Frances Ann Cilente, Elaine Cillo, Edna Cintron, Nestor Andre Cintron, Robert Dominick Cirri, Juan Pablo Alvarez Cisneros, Benjamin Keefe Clark, Eugene Clark, Gregory A. Clark, Mannie Leroy Clark, Thomas R. Clark, Christopher Robert Clarke, Donna Clarke, Michael Clarke, Suria R.E. Clarke, Kevin Francis Cleary, James D. Cleere, Geoffrey W. Cloud, Susan M. Clyne, Steven Coakley, Jeffrey Coale, Patricia A. Cody, Daniel Michael Coffey, Jason Matthew Coffey, Florence Cohen, Kevin Sanford Cohen, Anthony Joseph Coladonato, Mark J. Colaio, Stephen J. Colaio, Christopher M. Colasanti, Kevin Nathaniel Colbert, Michel Paris Colbert, Keith Eugene Coleman, Scott Thomas Coleman, Tarel Coleman, Liam Joseph Colhoun, Robert D. Colin, Robert J. Coll, Jean Marie Collin, John Michael Collins, Michael L. Collins, Thomas J. Collins, Joseph Collison, Patricia Malia Colodner, Linda M. Colon, Soledi Colon, Ronald Comer, Jaime Concepcion, Albert Conde, Denease Conley, Susan Clancy Conlon, Margaret Mary Conner, Cynthia L. Connolly, John E. Connolly, James Lee Connor, Jonathan (J.C.) Connors, Kevin P. Connors, Kevin Francis Conroy, Brenda E. Conway, Dennis Michael Cook, Helen D. Cook, John A. Cooper, Joseph J. Coppo, Gerard J. Coppola, Joseph Albert Corbett, Alejandro Cordero, Robert Cordice, Danny A. Correa-Gutierrez, Ruben D. Correa, James Corrigan, Carlos Cortes, Kevin M. Cosgrove, Dolores Marie Costa, Digna Alexandra Rivera Costanza, Charles Gregory Costello, Michael S. Costello, Conrod K.H. Cottoy, Martin Coughlan, John Gerard Coughlin, Timothy John Coughlin, James E. Cove, Andre Cox, Frederick John Cox, Michelle Coyle-Eulau, James Raymond Coyle, Anne M. Cramer, Christopher Seton Cramer, Denise Crant, James L. Crawford, Robert James Crawford, Joanne Mary Cregan, Lucia Crifasi, John Crisci, Daniel Hal Crisman, Dennis A. Cross, Helen Crossin-Kittle, Kevin Raymond Crotty, Thomas G. Crotty, John Crowe, Welles Remy Crowther, Robert L. Cruikshank, Francisco Cruz, John Robert Cruz, Kenneth John Cubas, Francisco C. Cubero, Richard Joseph Cudina, Neil James Cudmore, Thomas Patrick Cullen, Joan McConnell Cullinan, Joyce Cummings, Brian Thomas Cummins, Nilton Albuquerque Fernao Cunha, Michael Joseph Cunningham, Robert Curatolo, Laurence Curia, Paul Dario Curioli, Beverly Curry, Michael Curtin, Gavin Cushny, John D'Allara, Vincent D'Amadeo, Jack L. D'Ambrosi, Mary D'Antonio, Edward Alexander D'Atri, Michael D. D'Auria, Michael Jude D'Esposito, Manuel Da Mota, Carlos S. DaCosta, Caleb Arron Dack, Thomas A. Damaskinos, Jeannine Marie Damiani-Jones, Patrick W. Danahy, Nana Kwuku Danso, Vincent G. Danz, Dwight Donald Darcy, Elizabeth Ann Darling, Annette Andrea Dataram, Lawrence Davidson, Michael Allen Davidson, Scott Matthew Davidson, Titus Davidson, Niurka Davila, Clinton Davis, Wayne Terrial Davis, Anthony Richard Dawson, Calvin Dawson, Edward James Day, Jayceryll M. de Chavez, Emerita (Emy) De La Pena, Azucena de la Torre, Cristina de Laura, Oscar de Laura, Francis (Frank) Albert De Martini, Robert J. DeAngelis, James V. DeBlase, Paul DeCola, Jason Christopher DeFazio, Jennifer DeJesus, Monique E. DeJesus, Nereida DeJesus, Martin DeMeo, Jean C. DePalma, Michael DeRienzo, David Paul DeRubbio, Jemal Legesse DeSantis, Christian D. DeSimone, Edward DeSimone, Melanie Louise DeVere, Jerry DeVito, William T. Dean, Thomas P. Deangelis, Tara Debek, Anna Debin, Simon Dedvukaj, David A. Defeo, Manuel Del Valle, Donald A. Delapenha, Vito Joseph Deleo, Danielle Delie, Joseph A. Della Pietra, Palmina Delli Gatti, Colleen Ann Deloughery, Anthony Demas, Francis X. Deming, Carol K. Demitz, Kevin Dennis, Thomas F. Dennis, Jose Nicholas Depena, Robert J. Deraney, Andrew Desperito, Cindy Ann Deuel, Robert P. Devitt, Dennis Lawrence Devlin, Gerard Dewan, Simon Suleman Ali Kassamali Dhanani, Michael L. DiAgostino, Patricia F. DiChiaro, John DiFato, Vincent F. DiFazio, Carl DiFranco, Donald J. DiFranco, Debra Ann DiMartino, Anthony DiOnisio, George DiPasquale, Joseph DiPilato, Douglas Frank DiStefano, Michael Diaz-Piedra, Judith Belguese Diaz-Sierra, Lourdes Galletti Diaz, Matthew Diaz, Nancy Diaz, Obdulio Ruiz Diaz, Joseph Dermot Dickey, Lawrence Patrick Dickinson, Michael David Diehl, Stephen P. Dimino, William J. Dimmling, Christopher Dincuff, Jeffrey M. Dingle, Ramzi A. Doany, John J. Doherty, Melissa C. Doi, Brendan Dolan, Neil Dollard, James Joseph Domanico, Benilda Pascua Domingo, Charles (Carlos) Dominguez, Geronimo (Jerome) Mark Patrick Dominguez, Kevin W. Donnelly, Jacqueline Donovan, Stephen Dorf, Thomas Dowd, Kevin Christopher Dowdell, Mary Yolanda Dowling, Raymond M. Downey, Frank Joseph Doyle, Joseph M. Doyle, Randy Drake, Stephen Patrick Driscoll, Mirna A. Duarte, Luke A. Dudek, Christopher Michael Duffy, Gerard Duffy, Michael Joseph Duffy, Thomas W. Duffy, Antoinette Duger, Sareve Dukat, Christopher Joseph Dunne, Richard A. Dunstan, Patrick Thomas Dwyer, Joseph Anthony Eacobacci, John Bruce Eagleson, Robert D. Eaton, Dean P. Eberling, Margaret Ruth Echtermann, Paul Robert Eckna, Constantine (Gus) Economos, Dennis Michael Edwards, Michael Hardy Edwards, Christine Egan, Lisa Egan, Martin Egan, Michael Egan, Samantha Egan, Carole Eggert, Lisa Caren Weinstein Ehrlich, John Ernst (Jack) Eichler, Eric Adam Eisenberg, Daphne F. Elder, Michael J. Elferis, Mark J. Ellis, Valerie Silver Ellis, Albert Alfy William Elmarry, Edgar H. Emery, Doris Suk-Yuen Eng, Christopher S. Epps, Ulf Ramm Ericson, Erwin L. Erker, William J. Erwin, Sarah (Ali) Escarcega, Jose Espinal, Fanny M. Espinoza, Brigette Ann Esposito, Francis Esposito, Michael Esposito, William Esposito, Ruben Esquilin, Sadie Ette, Barbara G. Etzold, Eric Brian Evans, Robert Edward Evans, Meredith Emily June Ewart, Catherine K. Fagan, Patricia M. Fagan, Keith G. Fairben, William F. Fallon, William Fallon, Anthony J. Fallone, Dolores B. Fanelli, John Joseph Fanning, Kathleen (Kit) Faragher, Thomas Farino, Nancy Carole Farley, Elizabeth Ann (Betty) Farmer, Douglas Farnum, John G. Farrell, John W. Farrell, Terrence Patrick Farrell, Joseph Farrelly, Thomas P. Farrelly, Syed Abdul Fatha, Christopher Faughnan, Wendy R. Faulkner, Shannon M. Fava, Bernard D. Favuzza, Robert Fazio, Ronald C. Fazio, William Feehan, Francis J. (Frank) Feely, Garth E. Feeney, Sean B. Fegan, Lee S. Fehling, Peter Feidelberg, Alan D. Feinberg, Rosa Maria Feliciano, Edward T. Fergus, George Ferguson, Henry Fernandez, Jose Manuel Contreras Fernandez, Judy H. Fernandez, Elisa Giselle Ferraina, Anne Marie Sallerin Ferreira, Robert John Ferris, David Francis Ferrugio, Louis V. Fersini, Michael David Ferugio, Bradley James Fetchet, Jennifer Louise Fialko, Kristen Fiedel, Samuel Fields, Michael Bradley Finnegan, Timothy J. Finnerty, Michael Curtis Fiore, Stephen J. Fiorelli, Paul M. Fiori, John Fiorito, John R. Fischer, Andrew Fisher, Bennett Lawson Fisher, John Roger Fisher, Thomas J. Fisher, Lucy Fishman, Ryan D. Fitzgerald, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Richard P. Fitzsimons, Salvatore A. Fiumefreddo, Christina Donovan Flannery, Eileen Flecha, Andre G. Fletcher, Carl Flickinger, John Joseph Florio, Joseph W. Flounders, David Fodor, Michael N. Fodor, Steven Mark Fogel, Thomas Foley, David Fontana, Chih Min (Dennis) Foo, Del Rose Forbes-Cheatham, Godwin Forde, Donald A. Foreman, Christopher Hugh Forsythe, Claudia Alicia Martinez Foster, Noel J. Foster, Ana Fosteris, Robert J. Foti, Jeffrey L. Fox, Virginia Fox, Joan Francis, Pauline Francis, Virgin (Lucy) Francis, Gary J. Frank, Morton Frank, Peter Christopher Frank, Richard K. Fraser, Kevin Joseph Frawley, Clyde Frazier, Lillian I. Frederick, Andrew Fredericks, Jamitha Freemen, Brett O. Freiman, Peter L. Freund, Arlene E. Fried, Alan Wayne Friedlander, Andrew K. Friedman, Gregg J. Froehner, Peter Christian Fry, Clement Fumando, Steven Elliot Furman, Paul James Furmato, Fredric Gabler, Richard S. Gabrielle, James Andrew Gadiel, Pamela Gaff, Ervin Vincent Gailliard, Deanna L. Galante, Grace Galante, Anthony Edward Gallagher, Daniel James Gallagher, John Patrick Gallagher, Tomas Gallegos Linares, Cono E. Gallo, Vincenzo Gallucci, Thomas Edward Galvin, Giovanna (Genni) Gambale, Thomas Gambino, Giann F. Gamboa, Peter J. Ganci, Claude Michael Gann, Charles William Garbarini, Cesar Garcia, David Garcia, Jorge Luis Morron Garcia, Juan Garcia, Marlyn C. Garcia, Christopher Gardner, Douglas B. Gardner, Harvey J. Gardner, Jeffrey B. Gardner, Thomas A. Gardner, William Arthur Gardner, Francesco Garfi, Rocco Gargano, James M. Gartenberg, Matthew David Garvey, Bruce Gary, Boyd A. Gatton, Donald Richard Gavagan, Terence D. Gazzani, Gary Geidel, Paul Hamilton Geier, Julie M. Geis, Peter Gelinas, Steven Paul Geller, Howard G. Gelling, Peter Victor Genco, Steven Gregory Genovese, Alayne F. Gentul, Edward F. Geraghty, Suzanne Geraty, Ralph Gerhardt, Robert J. Gerlich, Denis P. Germain, Marina R. Gertsberg, Susan M. Getzendanner, James Gerard Geyer, Joseph M. Giaccone, Vincent Francis Giammona, Debra L. Gibbon, James A. Giberson, Craig Neil Gibson, Ronnie Gies, Laura A. Giglio, Andrew Clive Gilbert, Timothy Paul Gilbert, Paul Stuart Gilbey, Paul John Gill, Mark Y. Gilles, Evan H. Gillette, Ronald Gilligan, Rodney C. Gillis, Laura Gilly, John F. Ginley, Donna Marie Giordano, Jeffrey Giordano, John Giordano, Steven A. Giorgetti, Martin Giovinazzo, Jinny Lady Giraldo, Kum-Kum Girolamo, Salvatore Gitto, Cynthia Giugliano, Mon Gjonbalaj, Dianne Gladstone, Keith Alexander Glascoe, Thomas I. Glasser, Harry Glenn, Barry H. Glick, Steven Lawrence Glick, John T. Gnazzo, William (Bill) Robert Godshalk, Michael Gogliormella, Brian Fredric Goldberg, Jeffrey Grant Goldflam, Michelle Herman Goldstein, Monica Goldstein, Steven Goldstein, Andrew H. Golkin, Dennis James Gomes, Enrique Antonio Gomez, Jose Bienvenido Gomez, Manuel Gomez, Wilder Gomez, Jenine Gonzalez, Joel Guevara Gonzalez, Mauricio Gonzalez, Rosa J. Gonzalez, Calvin J. Gooding, Harry Goody, Kiran Reddy Gopu, Catherine Carmen Gorayeb, Kerene Gordon, Sebastian Gorki, Kieran Gorman, Thomas E. Gorman, Michael Edward Gould, Yugi Goya, Jon Richard Grabowski, Christopher Michael Grady, Edwin John Graf, David M. Graifman, Gilbert Granados, Elvira Granitto, Winston Arthur Grant, Christopher Stewart Gray, James Michael Gray, Linda Mair Grayling, John Michael Grazioso, Timothy Grazioso, Derrick Arthur Green, Wade Brian Green, Elaine Myra Greenberg, Gayle R. Greene, James Arthur Greenleaf, Eileen Marsha Greenstein, Elizabeth (Lisa) Martin Gregg, Denise Gregory, Donald H. Gregory, Florence M. Gregory, Pedro (David) Grehan, John M. Griffin, Tawanna Griffin, Joan D. Griffith, Warren Grifka, Ramon Grijalvo, Joseph F. Grillo, David Grimner, Kenneth Grouzalis, Joseph Grzelak, Matthew J. Grzymalski, Robert Joseph Gschaar, Liming (Michael) Gu, Jose A. Guadalupe, Yan Zhu (Cindy) Guan, Geoffrey E. Guja, Joseph Gullickson, Babita Guman, Douglas B. Gurian, Janet H. Gustafson, Philip T. Guza, Barbara Guzzardo, Peter Gyulavary, Gary Robert Haag, Andrea Lyn Haberman, Barbara M. Habib, Philip Haentzler, Nizam A. Hafiz, Karen Hagerty, Steven Hagis, Mary Lou Hague, David Halderman, Maile Rachel Hale, Richard Hall, Vaswald George Hall, Robert John Halligan, Vincent Gerard Halloran, James D. Halvorson, Mohammed Salman Hamdani, Felicia Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, Frederic Kim Han, Christopher James Hanley, Sean Hanley, Valerie Joan Hanna, Thomas Hannafin, Kevin James Hannaford, Michael L. Hannan, Dana Hannon, Vassilios G. Haramis, James A. Haran, Jeffrey P. Hardy, Timothy John Hargrave, Daniel Harlin, Frances Haros, Harvey L. Harrell, Stephen Gary Harrell, Aisha Harris, Stewart D. Harris, John Patrick Hart, John Clinton Hartz, Emeric J. Harvey, Thomas Theodore Haskell, Timothy Haskell, Joseph John Hasson, Leonard William Hatton, Terence S. Hatton, Michael Helmut Haub, Timothy Aaron Haviland, Donald G. Havlish, Anthony Hawkins, Nobuhiro Hayatsu, Philip Hayes, William Ward Haynes, Scott Hazelcorn, Michael K. Healey, Roberta Bernstein Heber, Charles Francis Xavier Heeran, John Heffernan, Howard Joseph Heller, JoAnn L. Heltibridle, Mark F. Hemschoot, Ronnie Lee Henderson, Janet Hendricks, Brian Hennessey, Michelle Marie Henrique, Joseph P. Henry, William Henry, John Henwood, Robert Allan Hepburn, Mary (Molly) Herencia, Lindsay Coates Herkness, Harvey Robert Hermer, Claribel Hernandez, Norberto Hernandez, Raul Hernandez, Gary Herold, Jeffrey A. Hersch, Thomas Hetzel, Brian Hickey, Ysidro Hidalgo-Tejada, Timothy Higgins, Robert D. Higley, Todd Russell Hill, Clara Victorine Hinds, Neal Hinds, Mark D. Hindy, Katsuyuki Hirai, Heather Malia Ho, Tara Yvette Hobbs, Thomas A. Hobbs, James L. Hobin, Robert Wayne Hobson, DaJuan Hodges, Ronald George Hoerner, Patrick Aloysius Hoey, Frederick J. Hoffman, Joseph Hoffman, Marcia Hoffman, Michele L. Hoffman, Stephen G. Hoffman, Judith Florence Hofmiller, Thomas Warren Hohlweck, Jonathan R. Hohmann, John Holland, Joseph Francis Holland, Elizabeth Holmes, Thomas P. Holohan, Bradley Hoorn, James P. Hopper, Montgomery McCullough Hord, Michael Horn, Matthew D. Horning, Robert L. Horohoe, Aaron Horwitz, Charles J. Houston, Uhuru G. Houston, George Howard, Michael C. Howell, Steven L. Howell, Jennifer L. Howley, Milagros Hromada, Marian Hrycak, Stephen Huczko, Kris R. Hughes, Melissa Harrington Hughes, Paul R. Hughes, Robert T. "Bobby" Hughes, Thomas F. Hughes, Timothy Robert Hughes, Susan Huie, Mychal Lamar Hulse, Kathleen (Casey) Hunt, William C. Hunt, Joseph G. Hunter, Robert Hussa, Thomas E. Hynes, Walter Hynes, Joseph Anthony Ianelli, Zuhtu Ibis, Jonathan Lee Ielpi, Michael Patrick Iken, Daniel Ilkanayev, Frederick Ill, Abraham Nethanel Ilowitz, Anthony P. Infante, Louis S. Inghilterra, Christopher N. Ingrassia, Paul Innella, Stephanie V. Irby, Douglas Irgang, Kristin A. Irvine-Ryan, Todd A. Isaac, Erik Hans Isbrandtsen, Taizo Ishikawa, Aram Iskenderian, John Iskyan, Kazushige Ito, Aleksandr Valeryerich Ivantsov, Virginia Jablonski, Brooke Alexandra Jackman, Aaron Jacobs, Ariel Louis Jacobs, Jason Kyle Jacobs, Michael Grady Jacobs, Steven A. Jacobson, Ricknauth Jaggernauth, Jake Denis Jagoda, Yudh V.S. Jain, Maria Jakubiak, Ernest James, Gricelda E. James, Mark Jardim, Mohammed Jawara, Francois Jean-Pierre, Maxima Jean-Pierre, Paul E. Jeffers, Joseph Jenkins, Alan K. Jensen, Prem N. Jerath, Farah Jeudy, Hweidar Jian, Fernando Jimenez Molina, Eliezer Jimenez, Luis Jimenez, Charles Gregory John, Nicholas John, LaShawana Johnson, Scott M. Johnson, William Johnston, Allison Horstmann Jones, Arthur Joseph Jones, Brian L. Jones, Christopher D. Jones, Donald T. Jones, Donald W. Jones, Linda Jones, Mary S. Jones, Andrew Jordan, Robert Thomas Jordan, Albert Joseph, Ingeborg Joseph, Karl Henri Joseph, Stephen Joseph, Jane Eileen Josiah, Anthony Jovic, Angel Luis Juarbe, Karen Susan Juday, Mychal Judge, Paul W. Jurgens, Thomas Edward Jurgens, Shashi Kiran Lakshmikantha Kadaba, Gavkharoy Mukhometovna Kamardinova, Shari Kandell, Howard Lee Kane, Jennifer Lynn Kane, Vincent D. Kane, Joon Koo Kang, Sheldon R. Kanter, Deborah H. Kaplan, Alvin Peter Kappelmann, Charles Karczewski, William A. Karnes, Douglas G. Karpiloff, Charles L. Kasper, Andrew Kates, John Katsimatides, Robert Kaulfers, Don Jerome Kauth, Hideya Kawauchi, Edward T. Keane, Richard M. Keane, Lisa Kearney-Griffin, Karol Ann Keasler, Paul Hanlon Keating, Leo Russell Keene, Joseph J. Keller, Peter Rodney Kellerman, Joseph P. Kellett, Frederick H. Kelley, James Joseph Kelly, Joseph A. Kelly, Maurice Patrick Kelly, Richard John Kelly, Thomas Michael Kelly, Thomas Richard Kelly, Thomas W. Kelly, Timothy C. Kelly, William Hill Kelly, Robert C. Kennedy, Thomas J. Kennedy, John Keohane, Ronald T. Kerwin, Howard L. Kestenbaum, Douglas D. Ketcham, Ruth E. Ketler, Boris Khalif, Sarah Khan, Taimour Firaz Khan, Rajesh Khandelwal, Bhowanie Devi Khemraj, SeiLai Khoo, Michael Kiefer, Satoshi Kikuchihara, Andrew Jay-Hoon Kim, Lawrence Don Kim, Mary Jo Kimelman, Lisa M. King-Johnson, Andrew Marshall King, Lucille T. King, Robert King, Takashi Kinoshita, Chris Michael Kirby, Howard (Barry) Kirschbaum, Glenn Davis Kirwin, Richard J. Klares, Peter A. Klein, Alan D. Kleinberg, Karen J. Klitzman, Ronald Philip Kloepfer, Andrew Knox, Thomas Patrick Knox, Yevgeny Knyazev, Rebecca Lee Koborie, Deborah Kobus, Gary Edward Koecheler, Frank J. Koestner, Ryan Kohart, Vanessa Lynn Kolpak, Irina Kolpakova, Suzanne Kondratenko, Abdoulaye Kone, Bon-seok Koo, Dorota Kopiczko, Scott Kopytko, Bojan Kostic, Danielle Kousoulis, John J. Kren, William Krukowski, Lyudmila Ksido, Shekhar Kumar, Kenneth Kumpel, Frederick Kuo, Patricia Kuras, Nauka Kushitani, Thomas Joseph Kuveikis, Victor Kwarkye, Kui Fai Kwok, Angela R. Kyte, Andrew LaCorte, Jeanette LaFond-Menichino, David LaForge, Michael Patrick LaForte, Stephen LaMantia, Carol Ann LaPlante, Jeannine M. LaVerde, Amarnauth Lachhman, Ganesh Ladkat, James P. Ladley, Joseph A. Lafalce, Alan Lafranco, Juan Lafuente, Neil K. Lai, Vincent A. Laieta, William David Lake, Franco Lalama, Chow Kwan Lam, Amy Hope Lamonsoff, Robert T. Lane, Brendan M. Lang, Rosanne P. Lang, Vanessa Langer, Mary Lou Langley, Peter J. Langone, Thomas Langone, Michele B. Lanza, Ruth Sheila Lapin, Ingeborg Astrid Desiree Lariby, Robin Larkey, Christopher Randall Larrabee, Hamidou S. Larry, Scott Larsen, John Adam Larson, Gary E. Lasko, Nicholas C. Lassman, Paul Laszczynski, Jeffrey Latouche, Charles Laurencin, Stephen James Lauria, Maria Lavache, Denis F. Lavelle, Anna A. Laverty, Steven Lawn, Robert A. Lawrence, Nathaniel Lawson, Eugen Lazar, David Prudencio LeMagne, Jeffrey Earle LeVeen, James Patrick Leahy, Joseph Gerard Leavey, Neil Leavy, Leon Lebor, Kenneth Charles Ledee, Alan J. Lederman, Elena Ledesma, Alexis Leduc, David S. Lee, Gary H. Lee, Hyun-joon (Paul) Lee, Jong-min Lee, Juanita Lee, Kathryn Blair Lee, Linda C. Lee, Lorraine Lee, Myung-woo Lee, Richard Y.C. Lee, Stuart (Soo-Jin) Lee, Yang Der Lee, Stephen Lefkowitz, Adriana Legro, Edward J. Lehman, Eric Andrew Lehrfeld, David Ralph Leistman, Joseph A. Lenihan, John J. Lennon, John Robinson Lenoir, Jorge Luis Leon, Matthew Gerard Leonard, Michael Lepore, Charles Antoine Lesperance, John D. Levi, Alisha Caren Levin, Neil D. Levin, Robert M. Levine, Robert Levine, Shai Levinhar, Adam J. Lewis, Margaret Susan Lewis, Ye Wei Liang, Orasri Liangthanasarn, Daniel F. Libretti, Ralph M. Licciardi, Edward Lichtschein, Steven B. Lillianthal, Carlos R. Lillo, Craig Damian Lilore, Arnold A. Lim, Darya Lin, Wei Rong Lin, Nickie L. Lindo, Thomas V. Linehan, Robert Thomas Linnane, Alan Linton, Diane Theresa Lipari, Kenneth P. Lira, Francisco Alberto Liriano, Lorraine Lisi, Paul Lisson, Vincent Litto, Ming-Hao Liu, Joseph Livera, Nancy Liz, Harold Lizcano, Martin Lizzul, George A. Llanes, Elizabeth Claire Logler, Catherine Lisa Loguidice, Jerome Robert Lohez, Michael W. Lomax, Laura M. Longing, Salvatore P. Lopes, Daniel Lopez, George Lopez, Luis Lopez, Manuel L. Lopez, Joseph Lostrangio, Chet Louie, Stuart Seid Louis, Joseph Lovero, Michael W. Lowe, Garry Lozier, John Peter Lozowsky, Charles Peter Lucania, Edward (Ted) H. Luckett, Mark G. Ludvigsen, Lee Charles Ludwig, Sean Thomas Lugano, Daniel Lugo, Marie Lukas, William Lum, Michael P. Lunden, Christopher Lunder, Anthony Luparello, Gary Lutnick, Linda Luzzicone, Alexander Lygin, Farrell Peter Lynch, James Francis Lynch, Louise A. Lynch, Michael F. Lynch, Michael Francis Lynch, Michael Lynch, Richard Dennis Lynch, Robert H. Lynch, Sean Patrick Lynch, Sean Lynch, Michael J. Lyons, Monica Lyons, Patrick Lyons, Catherine Fairfax MacRae, Robert Francis Mace, Jan Maciejewski, Richard B. Madden, Simon Maddison, Noell Maerz, Jeannieann Maffeo, Joseph Maffeo, Jay Robert Magazine, Brian Magee, Charles Wilson Magee, Joseph Maggitti, Ronald E. Magnuson, Daniel L. Maher, Thomas Anthony Mahon, William Mahoney, Joseph Maio, Takashi Makimoto, Abdu Malahi, Myrna T. Maldonado-Agosto, Debora Maldonado, Alfred R. Maler, Gregory James Malone, Edward Francis (Teddy) Maloney, Joseph E. Maloney, Gene E. Maloy, Christian Maltby, Francisco Miguel (Frank) Mancini, Joseph Mangano, Sara Elizabeth Manley, Debra M. Mannetta, Marion Victoria (vickie) Manning, Terence J. Manning, James Maounis, Joseph Ross Marchbanks, Peter Edward Mardikian, Edward Joseph Mardovich, Charles Joseph Margiotta, Kenneth Joseph Marino, Lester Vincent Marino, Vita Marino, Kevin D. Marlo, Jose J. Marrero, John Marshall, James Martello, Michael A. Marti, Peter Martin, William J. Martin, Brian E. Martineau, Lizie Martinez-Calderon, Betsy Martinez, Edward J. Martinez, Jose Martinez, Robert Gabriel Martinez, Paul Richard Martini, Joseph A. Mascali, Bernard Mascarenhas, Stephen F. Masi, Nicholas G. Massa, Patricia A. Massari, Michael Massaroli, Philip W. Mastrandrea, Rudolph Mastrocinque, Joseph Mathai, Charles William Mathers, William A. Mathesen, Marcello Matricciano, Margaret Elaine Mattic, Robert D. Mattson, Walter Matuza, Charles A. (Chuck) Mauro, Charles J. Mauro, Dorothy Mauro, Nancy T. Mauro, Tyrone May, Keithroy Maynard, Robert J. Mayo, Kathy Nancy Mazza-Delosh, Edward Mazzella, Jennifer Mazzotta, Kaaria Mbaya, James J. McAlary, Brian McAleese, Patricia A. McAneney, Colin Richard McArthur, John McAvoy, Kenneth M. McBrayer, Brendan McCabe, Michael J. McCabe, Thomas McCann, Justin McCarthy, Kevin M. McCarthy, Michael Desmond McCarthy, Robert Garvin McCarthy, Stanley McCaskill, Katie Marie McCloskey, Tara McCloud-Gray, Charles Austin McCrann, Tonyell McDay, Matthew T. McDermott, Joseph P. McDonald, Brian G. McDonnell, Michael McDonnell, John F. McDowell, Eamon J. McEneaney, John Thomas McErlean, Katherine (Katie) McGarry-Noack, Daniel F. McGinley, Mark Ryan McGinly, William E. McGinn, Thomas H. McGinnis, Michael Gregory McGinty, Ann McGovern, Scott Martin McGovern, William J. McGovern, Stacey S. McGowan, Francis Noel McGuinn, Patrick J. McGuire, Thomas M. McHale, Keith McHeffey, Ann M. McHugh, Denis J. McHugh, Dennis P. McHugh, Michael Edward McHugh, Robert G. McIlvaine, Donald James McIntyre, Stephanie McKenna, Barry J. McKeon, Evelyn C. McKinnedy, Darryl Leron McKinney, George Patrick McLaughlin, Robert C. McLaughlin, Gavin McMahon, Robert Dismas McMahon, Edmund M. McNally, Daniel McNeal, Walter Arthur McNeil, Christine Sheila McNulty, Sean Peter McNulty, Robert William McPadden, Terence A. McShane, Timothy Patrick McSweeney, Martin E. McWilliams, Rocco A. Medaglia, Abigail Medina, Anna Iris Medina, Deborah Medwig, Damian Meehan, William J. Meehan, Alok Kumar Mehta, Raymond Meisenheimer, Manuel Emilio Mejia, Eskedar Melaku, Antonio Melendez, Mary Melendez, Yelena Melnichenko, Stuart Todd Meltzer, Diarelia Jovannah Mena, Charles Mendez, Lizette Mendoza, Shevonne Mentis, Steve Mercado, Wesley Mercer, Ralph Joseph Mercurio, Alan H. Merdinger, George C. Merino, Yamel Merino, George Merkouris, Deborah Merrick, Raymond J. Metz, Jill A. Metzler, David Robert Meyer, Nurul Huq Miah, William Edward Micciulli, Martin Paul Michelstein, Luis Clodoaldo Revilla Mier, Peter T. Milano, Gregory Milanowycz, Lukasz T. Milewski, Corey Peter Miller, Craig James Miller, Douglas C. Miller, Henry Miller, Joel Miller, Michael Matthew Miller, Phillip D. Miller, Robert Alan Miller, Robert C. Miller, Benjamin Millman, Charles M. Mills, Ronald Keith Milstein, Robert Minara, William G. Minardi, Louis Joseph Minervino, Thomas Mingione, Nana Akwasi Minkah, Wilbert Miraille, Domenick Mircovich, Rajesh A. Mirpuri, Joseph Mistrulli, Susan Miszkowicz, Paul Thomas Mitchell, Richard Miuccio, Frank V. Moccia, Louis Joseph Modafferi, Boyie Mohammed, Dennis Mojica, Manuel Mojica, Kleber Rolando Molina, Manuel Dejesus Molina, Carl Molinaro, Justin J. Molisani, Brian Patrick Monaghan, Franklin Monahan, John Gerard Monahan, Kristen Montanaro, Craig D. Montano, Michael Montesi, Cheryl Ann Monyak, Thomas Moody, Sharon Moore, Krishna Moorthy, Abner Morales, Carlos Morales, Paula Morales, John Christopher Moran, John Moran, Kathleen Moran, Lindsay S. Morehouse, George Morell, Steven P. Morello, Vincent S. Morello, Arturo Alva Moreno, Yvette Nicole Moreno, Dorothy Morgan, Richard Morgan, Nancy Morgenstern, Sanae Mori, Blanca Morocho, Leonel Morocho, Dennis G. Moroney, Lynne Irene Morris, Seth A. Morris, Stephen Philip Morris, Christopher M. Morrison, Ferdinand V. Morrone, William David Moskal, Marco Motroni, Chung Mou, Iouri A. Mouchinski, Jude J. Moussa, Peter C. Moutos, Damion Mowatt, Christopher Mozzillo, Stephen V. Mulderry, Richard Muldowney, Michael D. Mullan, Dennis Michael Mulligan, Peter James Mulligan, Michael Joseph Mullin, James Donald Munhall, Nancy Muniz, Carlos Mario Munoz, Theresa (Terry) Munson, Robert M. Murach, Cesar Augusto Murillo, Marc A. Murolo, Brian Joseph Murphy, Charles Murphy, Christopher W. Murphy, Edward C. Murphy, James F. Murphy, James Thomas Murphy, Kevin James Murphy, Patrick Sean Murphy, Raymond E. Murphy, Robert Eddie Murphy, John Joseph Murray, John Joseph Murray, Susan D. Murray, Valerie Victoria Murray, Richard Todd Myhre, Robert B. Nagel, Takuya Nakamura, Alexander J.R. Napier, Frank Joseph Naples, John Napolitano, Catherine A. Nardella, Mario Nardone, Manika Narula, Narender Nath, Karen S. Navarro, Joseph M. Navas, Francis J. Nazario, Glenroy Neblett, Marcus R. Neblett, Jerome O. Nedd, Laurence Nedell, Luke G. Nee, Pete Negron, Ann Nicole Nelson, David William Nelson, James Nelson, Michele Ann Nelson, Peter Allen Nelson, Oscar Nesbitt, Gerard Terence Nevins, Nancy Yuen Ngo, Jody Tepedino Nichilo, Martin Niederer, Alfonse J. Niedermeyer, Frank John Niestadt, Gloria Nieves, Juan Nieves, Troy Edward Nilsen, Paul R. Nimbley, John Ballantine Niven, Curtis Terrence Noel, Daniel R. Nolan, Robert Walter Noonan, Daniela R. Notaro, Brian Novotny, Soichi Numata, Brian Felix Nunez, Jose R. Nunez, Jeffrey Nussbaum, Dennis O'Berg, James P. O'Brien, Michael O'Brien, Scott J. O'Brien, Timothy Michael O'Brien, Daniel O'Callaghan, Dennis J. O'Connor, Diana J. O'Connor, Keith K. O'Connor, Richard J. O'Connor, Amy O'Doherty, Marni Pont O'Doherty, James Andrew O'Grady, Thomas O'Hagan, Patrick O'Keefe, William O'Keefe, Gerald O'Leary, Matthew Timothy O'Mahoney, Seamus L. O'Neal, John P. O'Neill, Peter J. O'Neill, Sean Gordon Corbett O'Neill, Kevin O'Rourke, Patrick J. O'Shea, Robert W. O'Shea, Timothy O'Sullivan, James A. Oakley, Jefferson Ocampo, Douglas Oelschlager, Takashi Ogawa, Albert Ogletree, Philip Paul Ognibene, Joseph J. Ogren, Samuel Oitice, Gerald Michael Olcott, Christine Anne Olender, Elsy Carolina Osorio Oliva, Linda Mary Oliva, Edward K. Oliver, Leah E. Oliver, Eric T. Olsen, Jeffrey James Olsen, Maureen L. Olson, Steven John Olson, Toshihiro Onda, Michael C. Opperman, Christopher Orgielewicz, Margaret Orloske, Virginia A. Ormiston-Kenworthy, Juan Romero Orozco, Ronald Orsini, Peter K. Ortale, Alexander Ortiz, David Ortiz, Emilio (Peter) Ortiz, Pablo Ortiz, Paul Ortiz, Sonia Ortiz, Masaru Ose, James Robert Ostrowski, Jason Douglas Oswald, Michael Otten, Isidro Ottenwalder, Michael Ou, Todd Joseph Ouida, Jesus Ovalles, Peter J. Owens, Adianes Oyola, Angel M. Pabon, Israel Pabon, Roland Pacheco, Michael Benjamin Packer, Deepa K. Pakkala, Jeffrey Matthew Palazzo, Thomas Anthony Palazzo, Richard (Rico) Palazzolo, Orio Joseph Palmer, Frank A. Palombo, Alan N. Palumbo, Christopher M. Panatier, Dominique Pandolfo, Paul Pansini, John M. Paolillo, Edward J. Papa, Salvatore Papasso, James N. Pappageorge, Vinod K. Parakat, Vijayashanker Paramsothy, Nitin Parandkar, Hardai (Casey) Parbhu, James Wendell Parham, Debra (Debbie) Paris, George Paris, Gye-Hyong Park, Philip L. Parker, Michael A. Parkes, Robert Emmett Parks, Hasmukhrai Chuckulal Parmar, Robert Parro, Diane Marie Moore Parsons, Leobardo Lopez Pascual, Michael J. Pascuma, Jerrold H. Paskins, Horace Robert Passananti, Suzanne H. Passaro, Victor Antonio Martinez Pastrana, Avnish Ramanbhai Patel, Dipti Patel, Manish K. Patel, Steven B. Paterson, James Matthew Patrick, Manuel Patrocino, Bernard E. Patterson, Cira Marie Patti, Robert Edward Pattison, James R. Paul, Victor Paz-Gutierrez, Patrice Paz, Sharon Cristina Millan Paz, Stacey L. Peak, Richard Allen Pearlman, Durrell Pearsall, Thomas E. Pedicini, Todd D. Pelino, Michel Adrian Pelletier, Anthony Peluso, Angel Ramon Pena, Jose D. Pena, Richard Al Penny, Salvatore F. Pepe, Carl Allen Peralta, Robert David Peraza, Jon A. Perconti, Alejo Perez, Angel Perez, Angela Susan Perez, Anthony Perez, Ivan Perez, Nancy E. Perez, Joseph John Perroncino, Edward J. Perrotta, Emelda Perry, Glenn C. Perry, John William Perry, Franklin Allan Pershep, Daniel Pesce, Michael J. Pescherine, Davin Peterson, William Russel Peterson, Mark Petrocelli, Philip S. Petti, Glen Kerrin Pettit, Dominick Pezzulo, Kaleen E. Pezzuti, Kevin Pfeifer, Tu-Anh Pham, Kenneth John Phelan, Eugenia Piantieri, Ludwig John Picarro, Matthew Picerno, Joseph O. Pick, Christopher Pickford, Dennis J. Pierce, Bernard T. Pietronico, Nicholas P. Pietrunti, Theodoros Pigis, Susan Elizabeth Ancona Pinto, Joseph Piskadlo, Christopher Todd Pitman, Josh Piver, Joseph Plumitallo, John M. Pocher, William Howard Pohlmann, Laurence M. Polatsch, Thomas H. Polhemus, Steve Pollicino, Susan M. Pollio, Joshua Poptean, Giovanna Porras, Anthony Portillo, James Edward Potorti, Daphne Pouletsos, Richard Poulos, Stephen E. Poulos, Brandon Jerome Powell, Shawn Edward Powell, Tony Pratt, Gregory M. Preziose, Wanda Ivelisse Prince, Vincent Princiotta, Kevin Prior, Everett Martin (Marty) Proctor, Carrie B. Progen, David Lee Pruim, Richard Prunty, John F. Puckett, Robert D. Pugliese, Edward F. Pullis, Patricia Ann Puma, Hemanth Kumar Puttur, Edward R. Pykon, Christopher Quackenbush, Lars Peter Qualben, Lincoln Quappe, Beth Ann Quigley, Michael Quilty, James Francis Quinn, Ricardo Quinn, Carol Rabalais, Christopher Peter A. Racaniello, Leonard Ragaglia, Eugene J. Raggio, Laura Marie Ragonese-Snik, Michael Ragusa, Peter F. Raimondi, Harry A. Raines, Ehtesham U. Raja, Valsa Raju, Edward Rall, Lukas (Luke) Rambousek, Julio Fernandez Ramirez, Maria Isabel Ramirez, Harry Ramos, Vishnoo Ramsaroop, Lorenzo Ramzey, A. Todd Rancke, Adam David Rand, Jonathan C. Randall, Srinivasa Shreyas Ranganath, Anne Rose T. Ransom, Faina Rapoport, Robert Arthur Rasmussen, Amenia Rasool, Roger Mark Rasweiler, David Alan James Rathkey, William Ralph Raub, Gerard Rauzi, Alexey Razuvaev, Gregory Reda, Sarah (Prothero) Redheffer, Michele Reed, Judith A. Reese, Donald J. Regan, Robert M. Regan, Thomas M. Regan, Christian Michael Otto Regenhard, Howard Reich, Gregg Reidy, James B. Reilly, Kevin O. Reilly, Timothy E. Reilly, Joseph Reina, Thomas Barnes Reinig, Frank B. Reisman, Joshua Scott Reiss, Karen Renda, John Armand Reo, Richard Rescorla, John Thomas Resta, Eduvigis (Eddie) Reyes, Bruce A. Reynolds, John Frederick Rhodes, Francis S. Riccardelli, Rudolph N. Riccio, AnnMarie (Davi) Riccoboni, David Rice, Eileen Mary Rice, Kenneth F. Rice, Vernon Allan Richard, Claude D. Richards, Gregory Richards, Michael Richards, Venesha O. Richards, James C. Riches, Alan Jay Richman, John M. Rigo, James Riley, Theresa (Ginger) Risco, Rose Mary Riso, Moises N. Rivas, Joseph Rivelli, Carmen A. Rivera, Isaias Rivera, Juan William Rivera, Linda Rivera, David E. Rivers, Joseph R. Riverso, Paul Rizza, John Frank Rizzo, Stephen Louis Roach, Joseph Roberto, Leo A. Roberts, Michael Edward Roberts, Michael Roberts, Donald Walter Robertson, Catherina Robinson, Jeffrey Robinson, Michell Lee Robotham, Donald Robson, Antonio Augusto Tome Rocha, Raymond J. Rocha, Laura Rockefeller, John M. Rodak, Antonio Jose Carrusca Rodrigues, David B. Rodriguez-Vargas, Anthony Rodriguez, Carlos Cortez Rodriguez, Carmen Milagros Rodriguez, Gregory E. Rodriguez, Marsha A. Rodriguez, Richard Rodriguez, Matthew Rogan, Karlie Barbara Rogers, Scott Rohner, Keith Roma, Joseph M. Romagnolo, Efrain Franco Romero, Elvin Santiago Romero, James A. Romito, Sean Rooney, Eric Thomas Ropiteau, Wendy Alice Rosario Wakeford, Aida Rosario, Angela Rosario, Mark H. Rosen, Brooke David Rosenbaum, Linda Rosenbaum, Sheryl Lynn Rosenbaum, Lloyd D. Rosenberg, Mark Louis Rosenberg, Andrew I. Rosenblum, Joshua M. Rosenblum, Joshua A. Rosenthal, Richard David Rosenthal, Daniel Rossetti, Norman Rossinow, Nicholas P. Rossomando, Michael Craig Rothberg, Donna Marie Rothenberg, Nick Rowe, Timothy A. Roy, Paul G. Ruback, Ronald J. Ruben, Joanne Rubino, David Michael Ruddle, Bart Joseph Ruggiere, Susan Ann Ruggiero, Adam K. Ruhalter, Gilbert Ruiz, Stephen P. 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Bay, Todd Beamer, Alan Beaven, Mark K. Bingham, Deora Frances Bodley, Sandra W. Bradshaw, Marion Britton, Thomas E. Burnett, William Joseph Cashman, Georgine Rose Corrigan, Patricia Cushing, Jason Dahl, Joseph Deluca, Patrick Joseph Driscoll, Edward P. Felt, Jane C. Folger, Colleen Laura Fraser, Andrew Garcia, Jeremy Glick, Lauren Grandcolas, Wanda Anita Green, Donald F. Greene, Linda Gronlund, Richard Jerry Guadagno, LeRoy Wilton Homer, Toshiya Kuge, CeeCee Lyles, Hilda Marcin, Waleska Martinez Rivera, Nicole Miller, Louis J. Nacke, Donald Arthur Peterson, Jean Hoadley Peterson, Mark Rothenberg, Christine Anne Snyder, John Talignani, Honor Elizabeth Wainio, Deborah Welsh, Olga Kristin Gould White, Paul W. Ambrose, Yeneneh Betru, Mary Jane (MJ) Booth, Bernard Curtis Brown, Charles F. Burlingame, Suzanne M. Calley, William E. Caswell, David M. Charlebois, Sara M. Clark, Asia S. Cottom, James Daniel Debeuneure, Rodney Dickens, Eddie A. Dillard, Charles A. Droz, Barbara G. 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Boyle, Christopher Lee Burford, Daniel Martin Caballero, Jose Orlando Calderon-Olmedo, Angelene C. Carter, Sharon A. Carver, John J. Chada, Rosa Maria (Rosemary) Chapa, Julian T. Cooper, Eric A. Cranford, Ada M. Davis, Gerald Francis DeConto, Jerry Don Dickerson, Johnnie Doctor, Robert Edward Dolan, William Howard Donovan, Patrick Dunn, Edward Thomas Earhart, Robert Randolph Elseth, Jamie Lynn Fallon, Amelia V. Fields, Gerald P. Fisher, Matthew Michael Flocco, Sandra N. Foster, Lawrence Daniel Getzfred, Cortez Ghee, Brenda C. Gibson, Ron F. Golinski, Diane M. Hale-McKinzy, Carolyn B. Halmon, Sheila M. S. Hein, Ronald John Hemenway, Wallace Cole Hogan, Jimmie Ira Holley, Angela M. Houtz, Brady K. Howell, Peggie M. Hurt, Stephen Neil Hyland, Robert J. Hymel, Lacey B. Ivory, Dennis M. Johnson, Judith L. Jones, Brenda Kegler, Michael Scott Lamana, David W. Laychak, Samantha L. Lightbourn-Allen, Stephen V. Long, James T. Lynch, Terence M. Lynch, Nehamon Lyons, Shelley A. 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